印度步枪新宠AK—203实为软柿子?专家这么说

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印度的新步枪AK-203真的是一个“软柿子”?

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AK系列枪支

专家聊天设备

今年是米哈伊尔吉莫弗耶维奇卡拉什尼科夫诞辰100周年,他是世界着名的枪手和AK-47的父亲。 1947年7月7日,AK-47突击步枪诞生在卡拉什尼科夫手中,然后传播到世界各地。 72年后,其最新的继任者 AK-203突击步枪已成为印度军队的新宠。

为了证明这种步枪的可靠性,卡拉什尼科夫组织技术顾问弗拉基米尔奥诺科伊最近证明了AK-203突击步枪在极端寒冷和沙漠等恶劣环境中的可靠性。就在此之前,印度总理莫迪出席了印度和俄罗斯卡拉什尼科夫步枪生产厂的揭幕仪式。印度陆军将购买至少740,000架AK-203,其中40,000架将直接进口,另外700,000架将在印度生产。

军事科学作家刘平凡告诉科技日报:“AK-200系列于2010年推出。它基于AK-100系列并增加了皮卡汀尼导轨。它采用类似于M4的伸缩式枪托事实上,基于AK-100系列的改进,可以说它是AK-100系列的“西化”产品。

As the latest model of the AK-200 series, which was launched in 2009, the AK-203 continues the many classic elements of Kalashnikov. The AK-203 is a 7.62-caliber standard assault rifle. It uses the classic air-guided principle of the AK series and the locking mechanism of the revolving gun. The length of the gun is 880-940mm (the butt is flexible or not), and the length of the gun after the folding butt is 705mm. The length is 415mm, the weight of the empty gun is 4.1kg, the rate of fire is 600 rounds/minute, the initial velocity of the muzzle is 710m/s, the capacity of the magazine is 30 rounds, and the bullet is 7.62×3.9mm.

The reporter noticed that in this promotional video, the technical consultant put the AK-203 rifle after the captain into the freezing compartment of minus 50 degrees Celsius for several hours, and then directly took out the continuous shooting test. In addition, he also tested the reliability of the AK-203 in a simulated dust (sand storm) environment, and the results were still in normal use.

“This demonstration proves that AK-203 has good operational reliability in harsh environments such as extreme cold and desert. Especially the high reliability of the gun in sand and dust conditions makes the Indian side more valued.” Liu Ordinary said.

Some media said that the cooperation between India and Russia marks that the AK-203 will be officially put into production as the standard weapon for India in the next 20 years, and will completely replace the most equipped INSAS rifle of the Indian Army. The reliability of the INSAS rifle is said to have greatly dissatisfied the Indian army.

xx“INSAS步枪是由印度模仿AK在20世纪80年代开发的。由于原油生产和表现不佳,印度军队的声誉极差。在印度和巴基斯坦的冲突中,印度士兵也遭受了巨大的损失。 “。刘平凡介绍,“开始时,失败率很高,连续射击温度引起的可操作性问题太高。后来发现自己制造的子弹不合格,往往不准确,他们不时遭到轰炸。也就是说,印度的国内军械库实际上无法制造出这种枪所需的合格子弹。相比之下,AK-203不仅比INAS轻,而且还可折叠,伸缩屁股,方便可靠的速度机器在人机中INSAS远非符合人体工程学,许多皮卡汀尼导轨以及刺刀或榴弹发射器的枪口表明AK-203具有战术可扩展性而不是INSAS。“

但是,记者了解到,AK-200系列在俄罗斯的声誉并不好。俄罗斯人将其评为“卡拉什尼女孩戴上铁背心”。

对此,刘平凡说:“所谓'铁背心'主要是指其新设计的枪形状变化不大。例如,木质材料,木柄,握把,对接切换到更耐用和耐用的玻璃纤维聚合物材料;机器盖更光滑,使用更高强度的钢;可伸缩和可折叠的枪支架采用美国M系列武器的对接设计。“

“实际上,AK-200系列没有新的突破。我仍然吃AK的旧基础。传统AK系列步枪的性能没有新的改进。我缺少更多亮点。可以说是一个典型的新瓶装旧酒。'。“刘平凡指出,“如果速度机器也是右侧的大铁片,手柄仍在右侧,没有空位挂断,虽然后坐力有退缩有助于消除一些但过量的进气和强力活塞枪的后座撞到了机器的后端,自动射击仍然无法控制。这应该是它在俄罗斯不太好的原因。“